Marijuana

Marijuana is a well known drug which is also called weed, herb, pot, grass, bud, ganja, mary jane and a huge amout of other slang terms is a greenish-gray mixture of the dried flowers of cannabis sativa. Some people smoke marijuana in hand-rolled cigarettes called joints, in pipes, water pipes (something called bongs), or in blunts (marijuana rolled in cigar wraps).

 

Marijuana can also be used to brew tea and, mainly when it is sold or consumed for medical purposes, is frequently mixed into foods (edibles) such as brownies, cookies, or candies. Vaporizers are also increasingly used to consume marijuana.

 

Stronger forms include sinsemilla (from specially tended female plants) and concentrated resins containing high doses of marijuana’s active ingredients, including honey like hash oil, waxy budder, and solid amber like shatter. These resins are being popular among those who use them both recreational drug use and medically.

 

The main psychoactive (mind alerting) chemical is marijuana, responsible for most of the intoxicating effects that people seek, is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The compound is found in resin produced by the leaves and buds primarily of the female cannabis plant. The plant also contains more than five hundred other chemicals, including more than hundred compounds that are chemically related to THC, called cannabinoids.

 

 

Marijuana Abuse

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Marijuana is one of the standard used illicit drugs in the United States of America (USA). Its use is widespread among young people. In 2015, more than 11 million adults ages 18 to 25 used marijuana in the past year.

 

Low levels of marijuana use as few as once or twice may change the teenagers brain. The study which looked at the minds of around 46 14-year-old girls and boys from Ireland, England, France, and Germany, found that teenagers who reported using recreational marijuana just once or twice displayed increased volume on MRI scan in numerous mind regions involved in emotion-related processing, learning and forming memories.

 

According to a survey, rates of marijuana use among middle and high school students have dropped or leveled up in the past few years after several years of increase. However, young generation like to use marijuana and they find it risk-free.

 

Marijuana use can lead to the development of substance use disorder, a medical illness in which the person is unable to stop using even though it’s causing health and social problems in their life.

 

Research suggests that between 9-30 percent of those who use marijuana may develop some degree of marijuana use disorder. People who begin using marijuana before 18 are four to seven times more likely than adults to develop a marijuana use disorder.

 

How do people use marijuana?

 

People smoke marijuana in hand-rolled cigarettes (joints) or pipes or water pipes (bongs). They also smoke it in blunts, emptied cigars that have been partly or entirely refilled with marijuana. To avoid inhaling smoke some people, some people use vaporizers.

 

These devices pull the active ingredients (including THC) from the marijuana and collect their vapors in a storage unit. A person then inhales the breath, not the smoke. Some vaporizers use a liquid marijuana extract.

 

When does an overdose occur?

 

An overdose is possible when too much of a depressant is used, which can can lead someone to difficult or stop breathing altogether. When the oxygen is unable to reach the brain, permanent damage can occur within three or five minutes, shortly followed by death.

 

In any case, a few people who use cannabis can feel some truly awkward reactions, particularly when utilizing weed items with high THC levels.

 

People have detailed symptoms, for example, anxiety and paranoia, and in uncommon cases, an outrageous psychotic reaction that can lead them to look for treatment in an emergency room.

 

While a psychotic reaction can happen following any technique of use, emergency room responders have seen an increasing number of cases including maryjane edibles. Some people (especially preteens and teens) who know very little about edibles don’t realize that it takes longer for the body to feel the effects of marijuana when eaten rather than smoked. Also, some babies and toddlers have been seriously ill after ingesting marijuana or marijuana edibles left around the house.

 

Effects of marijuana use

Effects of marijuana use

Short term effects

When a person smokes marijuana, THC quickly passes from lungs into the bloodstream it carries the chemical to the mind and other organs throughout the body. The body absorbs THC slowly when the person having meal or having beverage. In that case, they generally feel the effects after 30 minutes or 1 hour.

THC acts on individual brain cell receptors that ordinarily react to natural THC-like chemicals. These natural chemicals play a role in healthy brain development and function.

Marijuana over activates parts of the brain that contain the highest receptors. That causes the “high” that the people feel. Other effects include:

 

  • Altered senses (e.g., seeing brighter colors)
  • Altered sense of time
  • Changes in mood
  • Impaired body movement
  • The difficulty with thinking and problem solving
  • Impaired memory
  • Hallucination’s (when taken in very high doses)
  • Delusion (when taken in high doses)

 

 

Long term effects

 

Marijuana also affects brain development. The drug may impair thinking, memory and learning functions and effect, the brain will built the connection between the areas of necessary for these functions. Researchers are still studying how long the effects of marijuana last and whether some changes may be permanent.

 

Mental effects

 

Long-term marijuana impacts on your mental health such as:

 

  • Temporary hallucinations
  • Temporary paranoia
  • Worsening symptoms in patients with schizophrenia- a severe mental disorder characterized by loss of contact with reality and symptoms such as hallucinations, fear, and disorganized thinking.
  • The use of marijuana has also been linked to other mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety and suicidal tendencies among teens.

 

Many people who use marijuana long term and are trying to quit report mild withdrawal symptoms that make stopping difficult. These are:

 

  • Grouchiness
  • Sleeplessness
  • Decreased appetite
  • Anxiety
  • Cravings

 

Health effects

 

  • Breathing problems-Marijuana smoke irritates the lungs, and people who smoke marijuana can have the same breathing problems as those who smoke tobacco. Which are include a daily cough and phlegm, more frequent lung illness, and a also a high risk of lung infections.

 

  • Increased heart rate- Marijuana raises heart rate for 3 hours after smoking. There is a chance of heart attack. Older people and those with health problems may be at higher risk.

 

  • Problems with child development during and after pregnancy- One study found that about 20% of pregnant women 24-years-old and younger screened positive of marijuana. However, this study also found that women were twice as likely to screen positive for marijuana use via drug test as they state in self-reported measures. It suggests that self-reported rates of marijuana use in pregnant females is not an accurate measure of marijuana use and may be under reporting their use. Moreover, in one investigation of dispensaries, nonmedical work force at weed dispensaries were prescribing maryjane to pregnant ladies for queasiness, however restorative specialists caution against it. It concerns medical experts because marijuana use during pregnancy is linked to lower birth weight and increased risk f both brain and behavioral problems in babies. Incase a pregnant woman uses this drug, it may affect certain developing parts of the fetus’s brain. Kids exposed to maryjane in the belly have expanded danger of issues with consideration, memory, and critical thinking contrasted with unexposed kids. Some reports stats that moderate amounts of THC are excreted into the breast milk of nursing mothers. With regular use, THC can reach numbers in breast milk that could affect the baby’s developing brain.

 

Treatments

 

There are multiple treatments available for Marijuana Use Disorders

 

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy : This is a form of psychotherapy that tells people strategies to identify and correct problematic behaviors in order to enhance self-control, stop using drug and address a range of other problems that often co-occur with them.
  • Contingency management : This is a therapeutic management approach which is base on frequent monitoring of the target behavior and the provision.
  • Motivational enhancement therapy : It is a systematic form of intervention to produce rapid, internally motivated change. It does not attempt to treat the person, but mobilize his or her internal resources for change and engagement in treatment.

 

Find Best Rehab Centers In Your City: Treatment Center

 

 

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