There are thousands of legal and illegal drugs available in the market. There are several ways to classify drugs, including by chemical classification of drugs, legal classification of drugs and its effects on the mind and body. In the world of medicine and pharmacology the drugs can be categorized in a number of ways.
In regards to addiction treatment and rehabilitation, the drugs classification is as following:
Anabolic steroids drugs is the exception drugs which are considered to be psychoactive – meaning they affect one or more of the mental faculties including thoughts & moods, feelings & perception, memory, cognition and behavior. Moreover, use of these drugs can be associated with a host of physical and mental health, also personal complications, including alcoholic liver cirrhosis, cannabis-induced psychosis, social problems like social reputation, occupational difficulties, stigma, financial problems, family disturbance and even legal problems.
Classification of drugs by chemical similarities is useful because drugs that are chemically similar often have similar impacts and risks. A person who is addicted to the drug is also more likely to abuse and become addicted to another drug if it is chemically similar. Sometimes the same treatment is often effective for chemically similar drugs. However these generalities, chemically similar drugs may have very different legal and medical impacts.
Some people classify drugs by how they impact mentally and physically. Eg, some drugs have a tendency to make a user active and energetic while others make you feel relaxed and calm. It is especially common among drug users and those who work closely with drug users. Many of these drugs classifications have little basis in chemical similarity or legal outcomes, although there is often overlap.
Legal classifications of the drugs are generally based on the perceived medical value of a drug and its perceived risk and danger. It means that the same drug may be classified differently under two schemes or two systems may use categories with the same name. It’s impossible to create a “definitive” set of drug classifications due to these disagreements. However, some of the most common are listed below.
All called opiates are either derived from the drug opium or chemicals designed identical. Opioids work by interacting with neurotransmitters in the brain and block the signals that they are sending. Which enables opioids to serve as powerful pain killers it can cause feelings of intense pleasure, leading to addiction. Opioid addiction is one of the most serious problems faced by America. Heroin, fentanyl, oxycodone are Some of the famous opioids.
Alcohol is the most widely abused substance across the world as well as the USA. Legal to some extent in all 50 states, alcohol impacts numerous body systems, which in turn causes numerous effects in users. Alcohol helps to create feelings of euphoria and lowers inhibitions, but it also severely impairs judgment, perception, and reaction times. There are many forms of alcohol, including: beer, wine, liquor, brandy and opioids.
Benzodiazepines also known as benzos, a class of drugs that function by interacting with the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA-A). Each Benzo interacts with GABA-A differently, which is why each one impacts the brain and body differently. Benzos are prescribed to treat a wide variety of psychiatric and sleep conditions, but they are commonly abused. Benzos are highly addictive, and can cause numerous problems when not used as intended. Ativan, valium, xanax are the most popular benzos.
Barbiturates drugs slows down our functioning. They are derivatives of the chemical barbituric acid and were historically popular for the treatment of psychiatric and sleep disorders. They are still used for anesthesia and treatment of a number of conditions such as epilepsy and headaches. Barbiturates are highly addictive, and they also present a very high overdose risk because they cause many body systems to shut down. Amytal, luminal, pentobarbital are kind of barbiturates drugs.
Cannabinoid(CBD) is a class of drugs that is chemically similar to tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Cannabinoids drugs create feelings of negative impact over mental and physical functioning. Cannabinoids are the most widely abused drugs after alcohol and they are increasingly gaining legal acceptance. However we can consider it less addictive than other drug classifications, cannabinoids can seriously damage person’s psychological and physical health. Marijuana, hashish are the cannabinoids drugs examples.